Mount Bromo eruption | Mount Bromo volcano in east java is the active cone inside the massive tengger caldera, one of Indonesia’s most scenic locations destination in East Java, famous for its magnificent sunrise views and the panorama over the caldera with semeru volcano in the background.
Typical eruption style: Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Bromo volcano eruptions: 1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-2001 (Jan), 2004 (June), 2010 (Nov)-2011 (Jun), 2015 (Nov)- 2016 (Nov), 2019 (Mar-Jul), 2020 (Dec), 2021 (Apr-Oct)
On 28 December 2020 ash emissions reached 500 m above the crater.
Bromo volcano was raised to level 3 alert (Siaga) on 4th December 2015 after an increase in volcanic earthquakes. An exclusion zone of a 2.5 km radius was placed around the crater.
2012 Unrest | Mount Bromo eruption
The alert level at Bromo volcano, Indonesia was raised to level 2 (Waspada) on 3rd October 2012, after an increase in the amplitude of volcanic tremors. A 1 km exclusion zone was placed around the crater. Visual observations reported thin white emissions rising 50 m above the crater.
Seismic activity increased at Bromo volcano in Indonesia in November 2010. Between 1-7 November two shallow volcanic earthquakes were detected. This increased to 540 between 8-14 November, and 354 between 15-21 November. Continuous tremor was recorded at the volcano on 22-23 November. Bromo volcano was raised to the highest level 4 alert on 23rd November 2010.
An eruption of ash occurred at Bromo volcano, Indonesia on Friday 26th November. Ash reached 500 m above the crater.
On 28th January 2011 ash emissions from Bromo volcano caused the cancellation of some international flights to Bali. Thousands of passengers were affected by disrupted flight schedules after ash emissions from Bromo volcano reached Bali on 27th January. A volcanic ash advisory reported ash emissions extending 200 nautical miles east of the volcano and rising to a height of 18,000 ft.
Two people were killed during an eruption of Bromo on 8th June 2004. The phreatic eruption lasted 20 minutes. Many buildings in the nearby towns of Malang and Probolinggo were covered by a light coating of ash 2 hours after the eruption.
On 29th November 2000, an explosion occurred at Bromo volcano. An ash plume drifted 40 km from the crater.
On 3rd March 1995, an eruption from Bromo volcano produced an ashfall 20 km away.
Eruptions began at Bromo volcano in early June 1980. Incandescent tephra was ejected, and glowing bombs reached 400 m from the crater. On 21st June ash emissions reached a height of 900 m. During the peak eruptions on 20-21 June, 480 explosions were recorded during a 24-hour period.
Eruptions of Bromo volcano from 15 February to 27 March 1948 destroyed 500 hectares of land on the NE of the volcano. This was the strongest eruption at the volcano since 1804.
On 7th August 1929 eruptions began at Bromo volcano. Ash fell over Malang until 25th August.
For more info about mount Bromo please check
Mount Bromo hike | Hiking an active volcano is a special experience. Mount Bromo hike is one of the easiest active volcano hikes in Indonesia, that allows you to see. the rumbling earth within the middle of the crater. Find out how to organize the mount Bromo hike and the experience of mount Bromo sunrise.
Mount Bromo hike
After arriving in Cemoro Lawang, you can leisurely climb the mount Bromo crater and recognize the energetic volcano without crowds.
Mount Bromo is 2,329 meters excessive, however, the hike to the top of the crater is easy. You can walk for around 25 minutes. There is a fixed of steep steps main to the pinnacle of the mount Bromo crater, however, they are not overly hard. or you can go by horse riding
Mount Bromo is a lively volcano, with the latest eruptions taking place in 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2015. Therefore always test earlier than visiting what’s the modern-day situation.
The landscape looks like from some other planet. The enjoyment of the pinnacle of the Bromo volcano is also very special – you can listen to the inner of the earth. The sound coming from the middle of the volcano rings a bell in my memory of the sound of a starting plane. It changed my first time hiking the lively volcano and it turned into an exquisite experience.
Best time to visit Mount Bromo | Mount Bromo hike
Mount Bromo is one of the famous sunrise and volcano in east java Indonesia. It in order occurs to be surrounded by way of numerous other volcanoes in one of the most magnificent landscapes you’ll ever set eyes on. Jeep excursions to mount Bromo are one of the maximum popular sports in east java
When is the best time to visit Mount Bromo?
In terms of weather, the best time to visit Mount Bromo volcano is during the dry season from April until October.
Rainfall will be high from November to March, and in the morning it will be foggy so that we cannot see the beauty of the sunrise. but the Bromo Tengger National park is still open to visitors during this period.
Where is Mount Bromo located and what does the landscape look like?
Mount bromo is positioned inside the massive tengger caldera in bromo-tengger-semeru country wide park in east java. The nearest essential city serving worldwide flights could be Surabaya, which is about four-five hrs’ of power away. There are five volcanoes within the caldera; mount Bromo (2,329 m), mount Batok (2,470 m), mount Kursi (2,581 m), mount Watangan (2,661 m), and mount Widodaren (2,650 m).
The 5 volcanoes in the caldera are surrounded by an enormous location of sand called the lautan pasir, which in turn is covered by using the steep crater wall of the caldera.
Mount Pananjakan placed at the caldera’s rim is one of the first-rate locations to watch the entire volcanic complicated. From mount Pananjakan, one also can see the majestic fuming mount Semeru (tallest mountain in java) positioned in the south at the back of the caldera.
How long does it take to climb Mount Bromo?
The trail to the top of Mount Bromo Summit is free. It takes about 20-30 minutes depending on how quickly you can haul yourself up the sandy slope. Many tourists decide it is a good idea to have a horse haul them up the hill.
Mount Bromo is an easy climb and is more about exploring the expansive crater. Generally, people start from the Mount Penanjakan viewpoint (technically, Mount Bromo is the small volcanic dome in the middle of the crater) at sunrise.
Then you descend into the caldera, and either walk, ride a horse or take a motorbike to the base of Bromo in the middle of the caldera.
If it’s safe, guides will help you scramble to the top of the volcanic dome, otherwise, you can explore other parts of the caldera. An entrance ticket must be bought at the Park entrance. Getting to the first viewpoint can be done by jeep.
Most tourists spend the night at the nearby village of Cemero Lawang and opt for a jeep ride up the viewing points on Mount Penanjakan and down to the Sea of Sand before arriving at the base of Mount Bromo, from where everyone walks up the stairs to the edge of the crater.
If you are opting for jeep and horse rides to Mount Bromo and back and only scaling the stairs on foot, the entire trip will take you less than half a day.
Start the walk up the stairs to the summit of Mount Bromo. There are 240 of them, with a few rests stops along the way if you would like to take a break. The stairs are equipped with handrails to ease the difficulty of the steep incline. But the constant ash spewing from the crater and the swirling sand can make it slippery in certain parts.
Entrance fee Mount Bromo
Entrance fee Price to Mount Bromo East Java or entrance fee to Mt Bromo is always in talking by foreign tourists, therefore we will give info about the latest Bromo ticket prices. For those who are tourists both domestic and foreign tourists.
the province of East Java is one of the provinces in Indonesia that has many beautiful attractions. Which makes a lot of tourists want to spend their vacation by a visit to this province.
How Much is the Entrance Fee info to Mount Bromo East Java
The price of admission to Mount Bromo turned out to be different, almost the same as the entrance fee to Mount Semeru. For domestic tourists, the admission price increased in May 2015 to
IDR. 27,500,- IDR. 29.000,– rupiah, from the original price of IDR. 10,000,- rupiah. Price IDR. 217.000,- Idr. 220.000,- rupiah must be paid by tourists from abroad in May 2015 if you want to go to Mount Bromo. Experienced an increase from the initial price of IDR. 57,000 rupiah.
Prices are only valid on weekdays. And it will be different again if it comes at a weekend or holiday. Domestic tourists must pay an entrance fee of
IDR. 32,500 Idr. 34.000,- rupiah, and while for tourists from abroad will cost IDR. 317,500,- Idr. 320.000,- rupiah. So, Below for the updated entrance fee 2020 to Bromo:
|FOREIGNER (WNA)||Rp. 220.000,- /Day||Rp. 320.000,-/Day|
|LOCAL VISITOR||Rp, 29.000,- /Day||Rp. 34.000,- /Day|
Finally, the Entrance fee to Bromo, there is a very drastic increase, but the price will not be heavy anymore and will not be felt if later we will be treated to an amazing natural panorama charming.
Link Booking Ticket Mount Bromo
This national park is named after its two mountains, Mount Semeru (the highest in Java at 3,676m), Mount Bromo (the most popular), and the Tengger people who inhabit the area.
Mount Semeru also known as Mahameru (“Great Mountain”), is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. What stands out most about this mountain is the fact that it erupts periodically (and very reliably). Every 20min or so, the volcano belches out a huge cloud of steam and smoke, sometimes interspersed with ash and stones.
Climbing Mount Semeru requires some planning and a permit from the national park authority. The mountain is often closed due to its highly active nature.
Mount Bromo (2,329m) is easily recognized as the entire top has been blown off and the crater inside constantly belches white sulfurous smoke. It sits inside the massive Tengger caldera. with a diameter of approximately 10km, surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) of fine volcanic sand. The overall effect is unsettlingly unearthly, especially when compared to the lush green valleys all around the caldera.
The major access point is Cemoro Lawang (also Cemara Lawang or Cemora Lawang – blame the East Javanese accent!) at the northeastern edge of the caldera, but there are also trails from Tosari (northwest) and Ngadas (southwest).
The village of Ngadisari, on the road from Probolinggo about 5.5km before Cemoro Lawang, marks the entrance to the national park. Both Cemoro Lawang and Ngadisari are rather picturesque, with brightly-painted houses and flower beds outside.
From the village of Cemoro Lawang, you can easily hike up Mount Bromo and Mount Penanjakan and the best time to do this is pre-dawn or later in the afternoon if you wish to avoid the hundreds of people on pre-arranged tours. Villagers offer horseback rides to the top of Mount Bromo and you can also hire a jeep to take you around the area (about Rp 350,000 for one jeep ride in the caldera).
Walking to the Bromo crater from Cemoro Lawang takes only 45 minutes: a path immediately to the right of Cemoro Indah Hotel will lead down to the Sea of Sand. There is no ticket checkpoint.
Temperatures on Mount Bromo are refreshingly cool during the day (although sunburn is still a real danger), but outright cold at night, as temperatures can drop to zero in the dry season and are rarely much above 5°C in the wet season. Some of the cheaper places to stay may not provide adequate blankets or heating, so come prepared.
If needed, you can rent jackets and hats at Cemoro Lawang and at the Penanjakan viewpoint for about IDR20,000. Hats and gloves are important if you wish to survive in the cold especially early in the morning, face masks would keep the dust away if the crowd gets big around the crater.
There are cases of malaria each year in the lower foothills of the park and any visitor planning a long stay or to camp in this area should take necessary precautions. This is not a problem for those visiting Mount Bromo or the high plateau only.
The “path” at the top of the steps up to Mount Bromo is only about 1 meter wide and in places, the drop into the crater is sheer and considerable. Be careful, make sure you have a flashlight for any pre-dawn climb, and always have your wits about you. The steps can be covered with crater dust and it’s possible to slip while climbing. Be wary.
Bromo is an active volcano, and Semeru is a very active volcano. In June 2004, two tourists were killed at Bromo by rocks flung from a sudden explosion. The Smithsonian Institute’s Volcanic Activity Report keeps an eye on both and is worth checking.
It gets very cold up on the high tops at night, probably colder than anywhere in Indonesia outside of the glacial highlands of Papua. Be suitably prepared for nighttime temperatures not far above zero.